University 1.0
Over 2,500 years ago, India was home to the first formal program designed to produce well-rounded leaders, at Takshashila. The best-known graduate of the program was Chanakya, the political philosopher and prime minister of the Maurya Empire who served under Emperor Chandragupta

University 2.0
The earliest European universities were highly structured and carefully controlled, relying almost exclusively on lectures and demonstrations to instruct their students. They trained and graduated future professors and researchers to perpetuate the academy, as well as productive business and political leaders.

University 3.0
Today’s leading universities combine research and teaching in a resource-rich campus. Through lectures, laboratory experiments and field work, they gain both theoretical knowledge and practical experience in any of a myriad of disciplines and specializations.

University 4.0
A revolution has begun in higher education. With the advent of new technologies to record, store and disseminate knowledge, and with the challenge of educating unprecedented multitudes of aspiring young people around the globe, the roles of instructors, students and even college campuses are in flux. University 4.0 enables schools and institutions to manage the changes so they can succeed today and for decades to come.